Punitive Damages Under Title VII

In Kolstad v. American Dental Association, the U.S. Supreme Court defined the circumstances under which punitive damages can be awarded against employers for unlawful intentional discrimination under Title VII.1 An employee claimed that she was passed over for promotion due to intentional discrimination based on her sex. The lower courts found that intentional discrimination occurred. They granted the employee back wages, but did not award punitive damages against the employer.​

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