Representation and Election Process

The most common method employees use to select a bargaining representative is a secret ballot representation election conducted by the regional director when a petition has been filed requesting one. Alternatively, a union may achieve the status of exclusive bargaining representative through voluntary recognition by an employer through a “card check” process.​

  • Representation and Election Process Overview

    Representation and Election Process OverviewRepresentation and election questions require consultation with experienced labor counsel. Consult with counsel immediately if you suspect union organizing activities.​  More »

    ​​Read about a new 2015 agency action.​
  • Union Organizing Tactics

    Union Organizing TacticsUnions may use several tactics to attempt to organize workers in non-union workplaces. Two of the most prominent tactics are described below.​  More »

  • Practical Considerations For Employers

    Practical Considerations For EmployersEmployers should consider proactive measures to maintain positive employee relations to minimize the risk of a union organizing petition being filed and to increase their ability to effectively respond to union petitions if filed.  More »

  • Exclusive Bargaining Representative

    Exclusive Bargaining RepresentativeSection 9 of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)1 contains the general principals governing the selection of a union as the exclusive collective bargaining representative of employees in a bargaining unit.   More »

  • Other Petitions and Elections

    Other Petitions and ElectionsIn addition to conducting elections to determine the employee bargaining representatives, the NLRA provides for several other elections which relate to the composition of bargaining units and the rights of the exclusive bargaining representative.  More »