National Labor Relations Act

The NLRA created the NLRB and empowered it to administer and enforce the Act. The NLRB was originally comprised of three members who served five-year terms, but subsequently was expanded to five members in 1947. Although not mandated by law, it is customary that no more than three of the five NLRB members may belong to the sitting president's political party at any given time, and the political ideology of the members frequently influences how they approach particular issues.​

  • National Labor Relations Act Overview

    National Labor Relations Act OverviewThe NLRA sets forth these employee rights: to self-organize; to form, join or assist labor organizations; to bargain collectively; to engage in other protected activities; to refrain from any of these activities   More »

  • Covered Employers

    Covered EmployersThe NLRA covers a broad spectrum of employers, but not all. ​  More »

    ​Re​ad about a new 2015 court case.​
  • Jurisdictional Standards

    Jurisdictional StandardsThe NLRB exercises its discretion to limit its cases to those involving enterprises whose effect on commerce is substantial.   More »

  • Excluded Employees

    Excluded EmployeesBecause of the limits set by the jurisdictional standards, the NLRA does not cover the following employees:​  More »

  • Expanding Definition of "Employee"

    Expanding Definition of "Employee"It is unclear how the Board will rule on this attempted expansion of the definition of “employee” under the NLRA.  More »

  • Rights of Employees

    Rights of EmployeesThe National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) provides covered employees certain rights to join together to improve their wages and working conditions, with or without a union.   More »