Constitutional and Common Law Privacy Protections

The right to privacy is not specifically enumerated in the U.S. Constitution. However, in Griswald v. Connecticut, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a right to privacy was explicit in the Bill of Rights, which prohibits various types of unreasonable government intrusion into personal freedom.1 Because this case specifically relates to government intrusion upon personal freedom, private employers are not covered by federal constitutional restrictions.

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